What is a noun? A noun is the name of anything. The thing a noun names may be:
-A living or an inanimate thing having physical existence: as girl, cat, chair
-A mental or spiritual concept: as life, peace, love
-Some quality, property or condition belonging to an object: as weakness, strength, depth,
-An action: as dancing, singing, cooking

Note: In the sentence, “Running is a good exercise,” running is a noun because it is the name of an act and is the subject of the verb “is”: but notice that in “He is running a short distance,” running is not a noun; it is a part of the verb ‘is running’, which tells what he is doing.

Classification of Nouns

Nouns have generally 2 classes:
-Common Noun- name belonging to all the members of a class of objects—that is, the name is common to all members of that class such as school, plane, man, religion, lake
-Proper Noun-is the distinctive name of an individual member of a class as Philippines, Juan, Catholic

Special Classes of Nouns

-Abstract Noun
—name of a mental or spiritual concept(meaning something you cannot touch nor see, not material), or some quality or condition of an object as love, strength, depth
-Collective Noun—name of a collection or group of similar objects; as staff, band, jury, nation
-Compound Noun—made up of 2 or more nouns or a noun and some other word or words, which form a unit idea; as grandson, commander-in-chief, sister-in-law, Manila Hotel

Properties of Nouns

Number—indicates whether one object or more than one object is designated
Gender-sex is distinguished
-neuter (object without sex: as water, stone, city)
-common (either masculine or feminine: child, parent, cousin, animal)
Case-helps to show the relation of the noun to the other words in the sentence
-nominative case—used primarily in the subject of a verb and in the predicate noun
ex. The man spoke rudely.
Dave is an artist.

-objective case—used primarily in the object of a verb or of a preposition
Ex. The policeman caught the thief.
They came from the city.

-possessive case—normally denotes possession
Ex. This is the boy’s watch.
I have my CD.

Note: As a general rule, the possessive case is not used with inanimate objects, a phrase with “of” is employed in its place. There are however, a few exceptions to this rule.


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