Nouns

What is a noun? A noun is the name of anything. The thing a noun names may be:
-A living or an inanimate thing having physical existence: as girl, cat, chair
-A mental or spiritual concept: as life, peace, love
-Some quality, property or condition belonging to an object: as weakness, strength, depth,
-An action: as dancing, singing, cooking

Note: In the sentence, “Running is a good exercise,” running is a noun because it is the name of an act and is the subject of the verb “is”: but notice that in “He is running a short distance,” running is not a noun; it is a part of the verb ‘is running’, which tells what he is doing.

Classification of Nouns

Nouns have generally 2 classes:
-Common Noun- name belonging to all the members of a class of objects—that is, the name is common to all members of that class such as school, plane, man, religion, lake
-Proper Noun-is the distinctive name of an individual member of a class as Philippines, Juan, Catholic

Special Classes of Nouns

-Abstract Noun
—name of a mental or spiritual concept(meaning something you cannot touch nor see, not material), or some quality or condition of an object as love, strength, depth
-Collective Noun—name of a collection or group of similar objects; as staff, band, jury, nation
-Compound Noun—made up of 2 or more nouns or a noun and some other word or words, which form a unit idea; as grandson, commander-in-chief, sister-in-law, Manila Hotel

Properties of Nouns

Number—indicates whether one object or more than one object is designated
-plural
-singular
Gender-sex is distinguished
-masculine
-feminine
-neuter (object without sex: as water, stone, city)
-common (either masculine or feminine: child, parent, cousin, animal)
Case-helps to show the relation of the noun to the other words in the sentence
-nominative case—used primarily in the subject of a verb and in the predicate noun
ex. The man spoke rudely.
Dave is an artist.

-objective case—used primarily in the object of a verb or of a preposition
Ex. The policeman caught the thief.
They came from the city.

-possessive case—normally denotes possession
Ex. This is the boy’s watch.
I have my CD.

Note: As a general rule, the possessive case is not used with inanimate objects, a phrase with “of” is employed in its place. There are however, a few exceptions to this rule.

6 comments:

Anonymous said...

I like your english grammar blog. It's a good blog for learn english grammar

. said...

This blog is very useful and helpful, especially for I myself who teach EFL in remote are in Eastern Indonesia which lack of printed material. So, can you permit me to print this for my students?

Obaydul haque said...

This this a very helpful site.Not only Good, its very very good for students.
thank you.
Md Obaydul,
Your free online learning school.

swirling dervish said...

This is great ! I am going to put your very fine widget on my website
http://www.learn-english-adventure.com
and I will let you be my students English Grammar Trainer! Please feel free to check out my website and drop in to listen to some great music. We have a Learn English with Music Course that just rocks and anyone can enjoy it beginners and advanced students, native and non native English speakers.

see in sky said...

hi
I like your blog. this blog is most helpful and pay a role as a English tauter. my blog is
www.worldaboutaviation.blogspot.com

vishal pathak said...

I am very much satisfied

Post a Comment

Related Posts with Thumbnails